The most effective way to not contract HIV is to not have sex with anyone until you are prepared to get married. When the time comes, you and your significant other can get the tests done to determine your HIV status, and then make the informed decision that will affect the rest of your lives.
(2) Be selective on your sexual partners
When you find someone who you have strong feelings for, it is important to have an open discussion about HIV prior to having sex. If you are extremely selective about the partners you choose, then you can significantly reduce your chances of contracting HIV.
(3) Consider monogamy
One of the surest ways to prevent HIV if you want to remain sexually active is to be monogamous with someone who is not HIV positive.
(4) Use only sterile medical equipment
Whether you are giving yourself a shot of medication at home or getting an injection from a medical facility, always insist on making sure that the needle is sterile. Avoid previously used needles when you are injecting medication, or when you are getting medical treatment.
(5) Insist on tested blood
If you ever need a blood transfusion, then insist on only using blood that has been tested for the HIV and AIDS viruses.
(6) Get yourself tested
If you get yourself into the habit of being tested for HIV a couple of times a year, then it becomes easier to insist that your sexual partners do the same. If you do decide to have sex with multiple partners throughout the year, then you should insist that they take the same steps you do in getting tested for HIV and having those results with them to show you. It seems extreme, but it is much better than the alternative.
(7) Get treated for HIV immediately
If you had sex with someone and start to feel flu-like symptoms soon afterwards, then get tested immediately. The newer HIV medications being used can actually help to stop the infection if it is caught soon enough. The sooner you get tested, the better your chances of stopping the infection.
(8) Get treated for any STD immediately
While getting tested for HIV, it may come to light that you have contracted a different STD from one of your partners. The presence of any STD in your system can significantly increase your chances of contracting HIV. You should get treated for any STD the moment it is discovered to lower your chances of getting HIV.
(9) Talk to your doctor
The advancements in HIV treatment research have helped to create such preemptive treatments as PrEP. Talk to your doctor about PrEP and see if you may qualify for this HIV prevention treatment.
(10) Don't assume certain types of sex are safer than others
The HIV virus can be transmitted during any type of sexual activity that involves the exchange of bodily fluids. Do not assume that one type of sex is safer than any other when it comes to preventing HIV.
(11) Get your tattoos from a professional
If you get tattoos, then insist on only using a professional artist who utilizes sterilized needles.
(12) Stop drinking and taking recreational drugs
If you drink alcohol or take recreational drugs, then you are putting yourself in a position to make bad decisions. To reduce your chances of getting HIV, you should stop drinking and get clean.
(13) Get Involved in Exercise
One of the ways to improve your health and enhance your ability to remain abstinent is to get involved in a good exercise and diet program. When you improve your health habits, you are going to increase your body's ability to resist HIV and other dangerous diseases. While exercise and a good diet are not foolproof ways to prevent HIV, they definitely offer a good way to spend your time while avoiding the temptation to become sexually active with too many partners.
(14) Get educated
Take the time to understand how HIV is really transmitted to avoid becoming an HIV victim.
While condoms offer some protection from HIV, using a condom is not necessarily a sure way to prevent infection. Stay safe: abstain, be faithful, use condoms!